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海外留学时,你是选择去美国还是去英国?30天
  • sisi

  • 2019年5
  • 不限
  • 美国
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选择海外留学目的地时,需要综合考虑许多因素。你想学什么?你喜欢一所什么样的大学?回答这些问题之前,第一步是弄清楚你想在世界上哪个地方学习。如今,出国留学的学生比以往任何时候都多,其中两个最受欢迎的目的地是美国和英国。

这两个国家都提供了独特的高等教育体验。想想英国有什么吸引你的地方?是舒适的酒吧,还是校园的学术氛围?美国呢?是校园橄榄球赛,还是美国职业篮球赛更能吸引你的目光?

让我们来深入了解一下这两国之间的一些主要区别。尽管两国都使用同一种语言,但两国都拥有独特的文化,和不同的生活方式,高等教育就能充分反映这一点。

在全球排名前十的大学中,除了一所以外,其余9所都位于美国和英国。根据国际教育协会(Institute Of International Education)的最新数据,在美国学习的国际学生总数超过了100万。在英国最近的统计报告显示,有超过44.2万名国际学生。不过,英国的高等教育体系相对比美国要小,所以考虑到这些统计数据,英国19%的学生是国际学生,而美国只有5.5%。

我在密歇根大学读本科,后来去苏格兰攻读硕士学位。曾在美国和英国学习,我可以很自信地说,虽然这两种体验都有各自的特点和亮点,但它们之间都有很大的不同。

那么你应该在哪里上大学呢?考虑以下因素。

1. 美国和英国学位的差异

最显著的一些差异与它们所提供的学位项目或“课程”的结构有关。以时间长度为例,在美国,一个标准的本科学位课程通常需要四年才能完成。在英国,同样的学位只需要三年。一些人可能会珍惜额外的四年经验和校园记忆,而其他人可能希望尽快获得学位。

需要考虑的一件事是,虽然四年的学位让你有时间在国外多呆一个学年,但三年的课程可能会让你有机会利用空档年出国旅行或工作。

除了课程的长度外,如何选择你想学习的内容也有所不同。在美国,学生们被鼓励参加各种各样他们感兴趣的课程。典型的情况是直到第二年才确定主修课程。

英国的学位非常不同,学生从一开始就申请大学课程。你所上的课程是为那个特定的课程而设的。这意味着你去上大学的时候要清楚自己想学什么。

作为一个在大学二年级学生,末选择一个专业之前,可以在不同专业之间来回奔波,我很难理解,许多学生在中学毕业后都清楚地知道自己想从事什么领域的工作。我喜欢美国获得的学位所提供的灵活性,我可以“货比三家”,在选择一个项目之前先试用一下,看看自己是否喜欢。但对于那些确实知道自己计划学习什么的人来说,把更多的时间集中在某个特定领域可能是一个有吸引力的方面。

2. 英美两国教学风格的差异

两国教学方法也各不相同。在美国,在整个学期中,有很多小测验和作业会计入你的期末成绩,这是很常见的。这是一个不断收到反馈的好方法,也能让你更好地了解自己在课程中的表现。然而,有这么多的任务可能会更有压力。相比之下,在英国,很多课程都依赖一两次考试或作业来决定你的成绩。这意味着很多材料都是在课堂之外自学的。然而,与教授建立牢固的关系确实是正确的。他们会在过程中不断提供反馈,你永远不知道什么时候你可能需要一封推荐信。

记住,选择一个适合自己的学位。为你的教育和未来投资金钱和时间,所以一定要花些时间来决定你喜欢什么,想要学习什么。不要仅仅因为大学的声望就匆忙地选择它,确保你找到的学校在你所选择的专业中提供了一个很好的项目。

3.美国和英国的生活成本差异

在选择留学地点时要考虑的另一个重要区别是费用。国际费用可能在两国并不便宜,但学费一般在英国比美国便宜。也就是说,还有其他生活成本需要考虑,包括住宿、交通、食物、课本、娱乐等等。在美国,每门课的必读书目单是价格就可能不菲,而在英国,教材的要求并不像很多教授在网上发布阅读材料那么有规律。在住房方面,一定要了解机构的规定和提供的服务。你可能一直住在校园里,而有时你也可以住在校外。考虑一下什么样的住房选择能节省开支。当你第一次搬到国外时,住在校园里是结识朋友的好方法。

关键因素在于,这两国大学都提供奖学金、助学金和财政援助,包括面向国际学生的援助。所以选择一个你能负担起费用的国家吧。

4.美国和英国的校园生活

重要的是要承认,你在课堂外的经历和在课堂内的经历是一样的不同。找到一个适合你的社交生活也是具有决定性的。在英国,大学感觉都融入了这个城市。在美国,这个城镇更像是大学的延伸,因为学生生活通常以校园为中心。

英国人以冷幽默和保守的性格而闻名,但这并不意味着他们不友好!与此同时,在美国,人们通常都很随意、热情友好。

在选择最适合你的校园经历时,一定要考虑你想和谁在一起,什么样的社交生活最吸引你。

也要考虑以下细节:

a.校园里有什么公共交通工具?

b.在你的业余时间有多少学生组织可以参与?

c.学生宿舍如何影响你的经验和结识新朋友的能力?

例如,在美国,大一新生通常会和室友合住一间宿舍。这是大学里的通行安排,也是认识新朋友的一种方式。然而,在英国,与校园里的陌生人合住一间房并不常见。

英国的教育机构可能会为学生提供各种各样的活动和团体,让他们参与其中,相比之下,在美国,课外活动是学生生活的重要组成部分,因为课外活动被视为课堂的延伸,是建立人际网络和获得第一手工作经验的一种方式。

大学体育活动都是学生生活中一个重要的方面。美国橄榄球或篮球比赛的日子里,你可以穿上学校颜色滑稽可笑的运动服,为你的主队加油。虽然英国的大学确实提供俱乐部体育项目,但参加比赛通常不是日常生活的一部分。

当然,一定要留出时间去探索你生活的国家!英美两国的风景都很美!

最终,还留学的地点是你自己的选择,无论你选择在哪里,你都将会有一段不可思议的经历。

Should You Study in theU.S.or theU.K.?

When pursuing higher education, it’simportant to consider many factors. What do you want to study? Do you prefer alarge school where you feel like a part of something big, or a more intimateone? But the first step before you can answer any of these is figuring outwhere in the world you want to study. Today, more students are travelingoverseas to pursue higher education than ever, and two of the most populardestinations are theUnited Statesand theUnited Kingdom.

If you're considering studying in one ofthese, know first that you can't go wrong with either. Each offers a distincthigher education experience. Think about what it is about theU.K.that callsto you? Is it the cozy pubs or intellectual ambiance of a campus strewn withhalls that date back centuries? What about theU.S.? Is it the all-American schoolspirit you find across campus on football Saturdays, or that you can alwaysfind something to do around campus?

The decision is yours, but there are manyfactors to take into account when considering both countries. Take this quiz todiscover if you are more suited to study in theU.S.or theU.K.!

What course do I opt for?

Which country do I go to?

Should you study in theU.S.or theU.K.?

Wondering if you should study in theU.S.or theU.K.? Take this quiz to see whereyou belong!

 Nowthat you’ve taken the quiz to figure out where you should study abroad, let’sdig deeper into some of the main differences between the two. Despite sharing alanguage, both countries offer unique cultures, traditions, and lifestyles -and their higher education experiences reflect that.

Of the top ten universities in the world,all but one are located in theU.S.and theU.K.According to the most recent data from the Institute of InternationalEducation, the number of international students studying in the U.S. totalsover 1 million (source). In theU.K.,recent statistics report more than 442,000 international students make up theirtotal student body (source). TheU.K.higher education system is comparatively smaller than that of theU.S.though, so consider that these statisticsmean that 19% of students in theU.K.are international, while 5.5% in theU.S.are.

I spent my undergraduate years at the University of Michigan,but later jetted off forScotlandto earn my Master’s. Having studied in both theU.S.and theU.K.,I can confidently say that while both experiences have defining features andhighlights, each differs greatly from the other.

So where should you attend university - or‘uni’ as it’s known in theU.K.?Consider the following.

1. Differences in Degrees Between theU.S.&U.K.

Some of the most prominent differencesbetween these countries have to do with the structure of the degree programs --or 'courses' -- that they offer. Take length, for example. In theUnited States,a standard undergraduate degree program generally takes four years to complete.In theUnited Kingdom,the same degree only takes three. Some may value that extra fourth-yearexperience and the memories to be made on campus, while others may hope to earntheir degree as quickly as possible.

One thing to consider is that while afour-year degree leaves time to spend a semester abroad, a three-year programmay offer the opportunity to take a gap year to go overseas to travel or work.

In addition to the length of the program,how you choose what you wish to study differs. In theU.S., studentsare encouraged to take a variety of classes that interest them. It’s typical tonot declare a ‘major’ until your second year.

Degrees in theU.K.are very different -- studentsapply to a university course from the beginning. The classes you take arecatered for that specific course. This means that you head off to collegeknowing exactly what it is you want to study.

As someone who bounced around betweenmajors before declaring one at the end of my sophomore year, I struggle tocomprehend that many students know exactly what field they wish to pursue rightout of their secondary education. I liked the flexibility that myU.S.degreeoffered - I was able to ‘shop around’ and try out programs to determine if Iliked them before committing to one. But for those who do know what they plan tostudy, the more time focused on a particular field may be an attractive aspect.

2. Differences in Teaching Style Betweenthe U.S. & U.K

Teaching methods differ as well. In theU.S., it’scommon to have many quizzes and assignments throughout the semester that counttowards your final grade. This can be a great way to receive feedbackcontinually and have a better understanding of how you are doing in the course.However, it can be a bit more stressful to have so many assignments.Comparatively, in theU.K.many classes rely on one or two exams or assignments to determine your grade.This means that a lot of material is self-taught outside of the classroom aswell. It does stand true for both universities, however, to develop strongrelationships with your professors. They’ll help provide feedback along the wayand you never know when you may need a letter of recommendation.

Just remember that choosing a degree isyour choice. You’re investing money and time into your education and yourfuture, so be sure to take the time you need to decide what it is you enjoy andwant to study. And don’t rush into choosing a university just because of itsprestige - make sure you find a school that offers a great program in what youchoose to study.

3. Cost of Living Differences Between theU.S.&U.K.

Another important difference to considerwhen choosing where to study abroad is cost. International fees may not exactlycome cheap in either country, but tuition alone is generally cheaper in theU.K.than it is theU.S.I constantly find myselfexplaining to my classmates in Scotland that while I’m paying more on my degreethan they are, going to school overseas is actually saving me thousands intuition than if I had stayed in the U.S.

That said, there are other costs of livingto consider, including accommodation, transport, food, textbooks,entertainment, etc. In theU.S.,the books required for each class can cost a small fortune alone, while in theU.K.textbooksaren’t as regularly required as many professors post readings online. When itcomes to housing, be sure to explore the institution’s rules and offerings.Sometimes it’s required to live on campus for the entirety of your degree,while sometimes it’s possible to stay in off-campus housing. Consider what housingoption makes the most sense for you financially - but don’t forget that thechance to live on campus can be a great way to meet people when you first moveabroad.

The key factor is that both offerscholarships, grants, and financial aid - including ones catered tointernational students. Explore your options and apply to as many things as youcan - you may be able to make either program that much more affordable.

4. Student Life On Campus in theU.S.&U.K.

It’s important to acknowledge that yourexperiences outside of the classroom will differ as much as they will within.Finding a social life that suits you is decisive too. In theU.K., theuniversity feels integrated into the town. In theU.S.the town can feel like more ofan extension of the university as student life is generally centered on campus.

People in theU.K.are known for their dry humorand for their fairly reserved natures, but this doesn’t mean they aren’tfriendly! Meanwhile, in theU.S.,people are typically casual, welcoming and amicable. And while theU.K.is much more than pints in a local pub anduniversity cloisters that remind you of Hogwarts, so too theU.S.is morethan fraternity parties.

When choosing what kind of campusexperience suits you best, be sure to consider who you want to surroundyourself with and what type of social life calls most to you. Also consider thedetails:

What kind of public transit is available oncampus?

How many student organizations are there toget involved with in your free time?

How does student housing affect yourexperience and ability to meet new people?

For example, it’s typical for first-yearstudents in theU.S.to share a dormitory with a roommate. This is a bit of a collegiateright-of-passage and a way to meet new people. However, sharing a room with astranger on campus doesn’t generally happen in theU.K.

U.K.institutions may offer a variety of activities and groups for students to getinvolved with, but they are generally treated as a way to meet people and stayactive outside of their program, which is their main focus. In comparison,extracurriculars are an important part of student life in theU.S.as theyare treated as an extension of the classroom and as a way to network and gainfirst-hand work experience.

College sports can be a prominent aspect ofstudent life for many schools the U.S. Football or basketball game days caninclude donning ridiculous outfits in your school’s colors and cheering on thehome team. While universities in theU.K.do offer club sports programs,attending games and school spirit generally isn’t a part of everyday life. Oldtraditions may take the place of those experiences instead,

And of course, be sure to leave time toexplore the country you’re living in! There is plenty to see in both theU.S.and the U.K, from the Grand Canyon to Buckingham Palace.

Ultimately, the choice of where you studyabroad is yours, and you’ll have an incredible experience no matter where youchoose. Be sure to research your options thoroughly and don’t rush into anydegree. And while you are at university, be sure to establish and grow aninternational network that will support you throughout your career.


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